Finns to vote on how best to save their welfare state

Jussi Halla-aho of the Finns Party during as tv- channel MTV 3 debate on April 2nd, 2019 in Helsinki. Finns are voting upcoming Sunday April 14, in parliamentary elections dominated by anxieties over climate change and how to preserve their generous welfare model while having one of the world’s most rapidly ageing populations. (Jussi Nukari/Lehtikuva via AP)
From left, Green Party chairman Pekka Haavisto, Finns Party chairman Jussi Halla-aho and Social Democratic Party chairman Antti Rinne, chairman at the party leaders' parliamentary elections debate, arranged by Finnish Broadcasting Company Yle in Helsinki, Finland, on Thursday, April 11, 2019. Finns are voting upcoming Sunday April 14, in parliamentary elections dominated by anxieties over climate change and how to preserve their generous welfare model while having one of the world’s most rapidly ageing populations. (Jussi Nukari/Lehtikuva via AP)
The chairman of The National Coalition Party, parliament member candidate Petteri Orpo speaking with peope while campaigning in Helsinki, Finland, on Thursday, April 11, 2019. The election day of the Finnish parliamentary elections is on Sunday, the 14th of April, 2019. Finns are voting upcoming Sunday April 14, in parliamentary elections dominated by anxieties over climate change and how to preserve their generous welfare model while having one of the world’s most rapidly ageing populations.(Martti Kainulainen/Lehtikuva via AP)
The chairman of The Social Democratic Party Antti Rinne attends parliamentary elections debate arranged by MTV in Helsinki, Finland, on Wednesday, April 10, 2019. Finns are voting upcoming Sunday April 14, in parliamentary elections dominated by anxieties over climate change and how to preserve their generous welfare model while having one of the world’s most rapidly ageing populations.(Antti Aimo-Koivisto/Lehtikuva via AP)
Party leaders gathered for the Prime Minister debate organized by tv- channel MTV 3 on April 2nd, 2019 in Helsinki . From the left (sitting ) Petteri Orpo of the National Coalition Party, Antti Rinne of the Finnish Social Democratic Party and Juha Sipil' of the Centre Party of Finland. Finns are voting upcoming Sunday April 14, in parliamentary elections dominated by anxieties over climate change and how to preserve their generous welfare model while having one of the world’s most rapidly ageing populations. (Jussi Nukari/Lehtikuva via AP)
Chairman Antti Rinne, left, of the Social Democratic Party and the Centre Party chairman Juha Sipil' joke during parliamentary elections debate arranged by newspaper Helsingin Sanomat in Helsinki, Finland, on April 9, 2019. Finns are voting upcoming Sunday April 14, in parliamentary elections dominated by anxieties over climate change and how to preserve their generous welfare model while having one of the world’s most rapidly ageing populations. (Vesa Moilanen/Lehtikuva via AP)

HELSINKI — Finns will be voting Sunday in a parliamentary election shaped by debates on how best to preserve their generous welfare model despite having one of the world's most rapidly aging populations.

And in this Nordic nation, which has one-third of its territory above the Arctic Circle, anxieties over climate change are emerging more than ever.

In many respects, the vote among Finland's 5.5 million people reflects trends seen across Europe: a populist anti-immigrant, euroskeptic party is surging in opinion polls, while traditional political parties have lost much of the support they once had.

Across much of Europe in recent years, particularly since the migration crisis of 2015, voters have boosted right-wing parties. But in an exception to that trend, Finland's center-left Social Democrats are polling with the most support.

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